How to fish with a wacky rig

Wacky Rig Fishing: From Setup to Catch to Retrieval

What is it? Why should you use it? Types of tshirt

Get ready to explore one of the angling world's secret weapons: the wacky rig! This clever little technique of rigging the lure has earned a spot among the favorites of seasoned pros and beginners alike. But what makes it so special? It all comes down to performance. The wacky rig makes your lure dance in the water with a fluttering action, mimicking a distressed or dying fish, making them irresistible to hungry fish.

The magic of the wacky rig especially shines during the spawn and post-spawn seasons. As fish make their way to the shallows, they're on high alert for an easy meal, and your wacky-rigged soft plastic lure fits the bill perfectly.

In our journey today, we're going to dive into the essential gear you'll need to wacky rig like a pro, provide a step-by-step guide on setting up your very own wacky rig, and learn about how to cast, retrieve, and detect bites with a wacky rig. We'll even throw in a bit of trivia about the fascinating origins of the wacky rig at the end.

Grab your fishing gear and get ready, because it's time to get a little wacky!

Gear to set up your wacky rig

Ready to set up your wacky rig? Here's what you'll need:

Soft plastic lure

Generally, you'll want to go for worms between four and six inches. Popular choices include stick worms, tapered worms, and tailed worms. Stick worms, the most favored choice, are uniform in diameter along their length and feature a straight tail. Tapered worms come with a wider head and a slimmer tail, offering a more lifelike action in water. Tailed worms have a tail that moves in the water, which can be very effective in attracting fish. When choosing the best worm for your wacky rig, look for one that provides a natural fluttering action and is appropriately sized for your hook.

There are also some anglers who prefer creature lures that mimic crayfish and small fish.


Circle hooks are a common go-to for wacky rig fishing. Their unique design allows them to catch a fish right at the corner of its mouth. But if you’re looking to fish a wacky rig a bit deeper and quicker, weighted wacky jig heads are your answer. They come with petite round hooks and are available in a multitude of weights and sizes. As a rule of thumb, the weight you pick should match the depth you're planning to fish.


These little fellas are optional, but they can help safeguard your worm and extend its lifespan by preventing it from getting torn or ripped, which can happen when you insert the hook directly into it.

Rod and reel

A 7-foot rod with moderate action and medium power is ideal for wacky rig fishing. You can go with either a spinning or baitcasting rod and reel combo. For the reel, we recommend a slower one, with a gear ratio around 5:1 or 6:1.


If you're rigging up a wacky rig, you'll want to aim for a line weight that sits between 6 and 10 pounds. For the best performance with your wacky rig, we suggest using an 8 to 10 pound fluorocarbon or monofilament fishing line.

Why these lines, you ask? Well, a lighter line provides your bait with a natural, enticing fall that drives fish wild. Plus, with a lighter line, you'll find it much easier to detect those sneaky strikes and set the hook with precision.

Of course, the world of angling is full of personal preference and versatility. Some prefer a slightly heavier line, often opting for a 12-pound fluorocarbon line, which they believe gives your bait an even more natural fall.

Tackle color selection and water conditions

Choosing the right color of your tackle is a key aspect when setting up a wacky rig, and it largely depends on the water conditions you're fishing in. If you're dealing with clear water, opt for natural hues like green pumpkin, watermelon, or brown, as they blend in seamlessly. In murkier waters, vibrant colors such as orange and red can be particularly successful.


If you're interested in learning more about lure colors and how they affect fishing success, check out our post Does Lure Color Matter?

Does your fishing lure color affect your chances of reeling in a catch?

What fish can you catch with a wacky rig?

The wacky rig takes the cake as a fan favorite for bass fishing, thanks to its unique wiggle and waggle. This makes it a highly effective strategy for catching bass. Unlike the Texas and Carolina rigs, the wacky rig's double-sided flutter delivers a more lifelike action.

Aside from bass, however, it's also a handy technique for reeling in a variety of other species, including walleye, trout, and panfish.

Setting up the wacky rig

Here comes the exciting part¬†‚Äď assembling the wacky rig! With these instructions,¬†you'll be crafting the perfect wacky rig in no time.

  1. Selecting a Soft Plastic Lure. Choose the plastic worm that you believe will be most enticing to the fish you are targeting. As mentioned, the worm should be between four to six inches long.
  2. Choosing a Hook. Depending on the water depth and the speed you want your bait to sink, you may opt for a weighted or unweighted hook. Typically, circle-style hooks are used for wacky rigging due to their hooking efficiency.
  3. Inserting the Hook. Slip an o-ring onto the worm, settling it in the middle. Then, pass the hook under the o-ring. This way, the worm is effectively secured on both ends, reducing the chances of it tearing loose during a bite or cast.
  4. Pinching the Worm. Make sure that the worm has a natural, bent shape when it's rigged. This unusual setup is what gives the wacky rig its tantalizing, fluttering action in the water.
  5. Securing the Hook. Double-check to ensure your hook is securely attached to the worm, with the point exposed. The exposed hook increases the chances of a successful hookset.

Mastering your wacky rig cast and retrieval

Once your wacky rig is all set up, the next step is casting and retrieving. Here are a few techniques to work your wacky rig.

  • Casting and Letting it Sink.¬†Cast your wacky rig to your desired location. As soon as it hits the water, allow the bait to sink. The sinking motion of the worm ‚ÄĒ fluttering and undulating as it goes down ‚ÄĒ can attract nearby fish.
  • The¬†Twitch and Pause.¬†After your bait has sunk, slowly reel in your slack and give your rod a slight twitch. Then pause, allowing the worm to sink again. This replicates the movements of a dying or injured baitfish, which can prove irresistible to a predator.
  • The Jerk and Pause: Similar to the twitch and pause, this technique involves a more vigorous rod jerk, causing the bait to jump in the water before allowing it to sink again.
  • Skip Casting.¬†This advanced casting technique can be effective in getting your wacky rig under overhanging cover or docks where bass may be hiding.
  • Experimenting with Different Depths.¬†Don‚Äôt just fish your wacky rig in shallow water. Depending on the season and the species, fish may be holding at different depths. Experiment with letting your wacky rig sink longer to reach deeper fish.
  • Target Those Key Spots: Bass and other species often hide around structure like¬†rocks, logs, and vegetation or in shady areas. Make sure you're casting your wacky rig in these high-probability locations.

Detecting a bite on the wacky rig

Detecting a bite when using a wacky rig can be a bit tricky due to the subtle nature of the strike. You might feel a slight tug on the line, see the line start to move in the water, or the line might simply go slack. Developing a keen sense of touch and maintaining a sharp eye on your line is crucial.

Once you detect a bite, don’t jerk the rod immediately. Wait a second to ensure the fish has taken the bait, then execute a firm but not overly aggressive hookset.

Wacky rig fishing is all about patience. Take your time with your casts, your retrieves, and most importantly, setting the hook.

If you want to learn more about how to detect bites while fishing, we've written a more in-depth guide.

Reeling in the fish

Once you've got a fish on the line, the fight is on! How do you reel in your prized catch? Here are some tips.

  • Don't allow the line to go slack. Keeping constant pressure will help prevent the hook from dislodging.
  • Fish will often try to run to cover or into reeds to shake the hook. Use your rod to steer them away from potential snags.
  • Keep that rod tip high.¬†This helps to control the fish, especially if it attempts to dive or run.
  • If the fish is fighting hard, let your drag do the work. It's designed to let line out slowly when a fish pulls hard, preventing the line from breaking.
  • The bend in your rod when a fish is on the line acts like a shock absorber. It helps to tire the fish out and keeps tension on the line.
  • Especially with larger fish, you want to ensure the fish is tired out before you attempt to land it.
  • Once the fish is near the boat or shore, you can use a net to safely land your catch.

Origins of the wacky rig

As we wrap things up, here's are some fun facts about the wacky rig's history that you can casually drop into your conversation with your fishing buddies.

The term wacky rig, sometimes called the wacky worm technique, wacky worm rig technique, or twinking, refers to the creative approach was devised by a local guide at Toledo Bend when his clients had difficulty detecting bites using the Texas Rig and found the Carolina Rig to be ineffective.

The solution he came up with was the wacky rig, which prioritized the natural movement of the bait over conventional rigging norms, which rigs the bait or lure at one end. This unique movement effectively lured bass of all sizes.

Over time, it has steadily increased in popularity in the angling community, beloved by fishing enthusiasts, both pros and newbies alike.

The takeaway

As we close our tackle boxes on this crash course in the wacky rig, let's not forget what we've learned: that rigging a worm wackily is a serious business, where one's patience, precision, and of course, the ability to talk sweetly to the fish is all tested. And if your first few attempts have you feeling more like a fish out of water than a seasoned angler, don't worry! Remember: if at first you don't succeed, there's always the next fishing trip to make up for it!

Don't miss our posts on How to Catch Bass: America's Favorite Gamefish! 

and How Can I Catch Bigger Fish?





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