How Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) fishing affects fish

How Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) fishing affects fish

What is it? Why should you use it? Types of tshirt

Table of Contents

How Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) fishing affects fish

Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing pertains to fishing operations carried out against national or international regulations and are frequently done covertly, which makes them difficult to monitor and manage.

Illegal fishing refers to fishing that is done in violation of any applicable laws or rules, whether enacted at the regional or international level. On the other hand, unreported fishing occurs when fishing activities that violate national laws and regulations, are not reported or are misreported to the appropriate authorities. Lastly, unregulated fishing is defined as fishing operations carried out in locations without measures implemented for regulating catch. When these three are combined, IUU fishing occurs.

IUU fishing continues to be one of the biggest threats to marine ecosystems, with its ability to thwart national and regional efforts in conserving and managing fish stocks. As a result, this impedes the progress toward long-term sustainability and responsibility.

IUU fishing on marine biodiversity

As mentioned earlier, IUU fishing is one of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems and causes severe environmental damage. Consequently, populations of specific species and the ecosystem balance are negatively affected by it.

Overfishing, which refers to removing fish at a rate that prevents their repopulation from a body of water, could be caused by IUU fishing. Additionally, IUU fishing may put more strain on fish species that are already under threat; in fact, all eight species of sea turtles are currently at risk of extinction, and illegal fishing and hunting are two of the main causes of this.

Moreover, the use of prohibited gear often leads to catching non-target species, or bycatch. Bycatch refers to marine species that are caught and then discarded, as well as unreported deaths brought on by contact with fishing equipment and vessels.

Using prohibited gear can also cause physical damage or destroy seamounts, reefs, and other delicate marine habitats.

Prevalence of IUU fishing

The scope of IUU fishing is significant, making up about 20% of the global catch and costing the global economy an estimated $10 to $23.5 billion annually. As a result, both the fishing industry and the marine ecosystem suffer.

The US is one of the biggest markets for seafood, importing more than 5.3 billion pounds or 18 billion dollars worth of seafood annually. Unfortunately, because US regulations don't outline a clear chain of custody from bait to plate, we can't currently tell whether the fish we eat was lawfully caught.

IUU fishing actually happens worldwide. However, the highest level of IUU fishing globally is found in West Africa, where it is said to be responsible for 40% of all fish captured.

IUU fishing affects all facets and stages of the capture and utilization of fish, and it may even be associated with organized crime. It happens in all types and dimensions of fisheries.

Curbing IUU

Of course, efforts have been made to eliminate IUU fishing. The Seafood Import Monitoring Program was formally established by the US government to address the market entry of products from IUU fishing. It establishes reporting and record-keeping requirements for specific seafood products to stop seafood that has been illegally caught or misrepresented from entering US commerce.

Furthermore, there are certain groups in charge of establishing and implementing management regulations in fisheries. Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs), for example, are international organizations made up of nations with a common financial or practical interest in controlling fish populations in a certain maritime region. Globally, there are approximately 17 RFMOs.

IUU fishing is still being fought today by various organizations and political movements worldwide.

MOST READ NEWS:

SEE ALL ARTICLES

How to Use Topwater Lures: Advantages, Types, Functions, Ideal Conditions

Topwater lures are a type of lure designed to float on the surface of the water, imitating prey like insects, frogs, or wounded baitfish. The whole idea is to entice fish to come up and strike from below. Compared to other types of lures, topwater lures are pretty unique. They float right on the water's surface, and it's super exciting to see fish strike them!

How To Find The Perfect Fishing Spot

Years of fishing have taught me that preparation is a key factor in ensuring success. Finding that perfect fishing spot is all about increasing your chances of landing one that ticks all your personal boxes and makes for an awesome time out on the water.

How Intelligent Are Fish?

Have you ever heard the term "goldfish" used to describe someone with a bad memory? This comes from the myth that fish, particularly goldfish, have a three-second memory; but did you know this isn’t true? Fish are actually pretty smart! Check out some fishy facts below to see just how intelligent fish are.

Fishing Etiquette 101

Ah, the joys of fishing‚ÄĒrising early, equipped with a thermos of coffee and the optimistic anticipation of outwitting a fish. It‚Äôs a sport that offers numerous health advantages, encompassing both physical and mental aspects that contribute to one's overall well-being

For Body and Mind: The Health Benefits of Fishing

In the United States, fishing is one of the most popular outdoor pastimes. Fishing is truly a fun hobby for many, but did you know that it has many benefits for your health? Check out this article to find out how fishing is good for you, mentally and physically!

Best Live Bait for Freshwater Fishing

Live bait is known to be more effective in attracting fish than artificial bait because fish are more drawn to real live bait. Using live bait attracts a variety of fish species, too, which boosts your chances of landing a catch. Here are some live bait options for freshwater fishing that you can keep in mind for your next fishing trip.